SAMANM Group of Research Publications


SAMANM Group of Research Publications provides an international and open access research platform for scholars, academicians, researchers, educationists, teachers and students, where they can share their novel and creative knowledge, information, histories and cultural glimpses under one roof. Our society welcomes original and contemporary research work in fields of humanities, social sciences, business, entrepreneurship, economics, finance,

accounting, management, marketing, human resource management, education, sociology, business relations, business law, history, sports, media sciences, linguistics, arts, music, public administration, information sciences, computer sciences, astrology, new moon, astronomy, leadership, knowledge management, and many more. We appreciate authors to submit their quality work that can be in form of research papers, academic articles books and original thesis or dissertations that will further undergone through rigorous peer-reviewed process before publication.

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This society is a non for profit entity that is established to contribute maximum research promotion and to facilitate an open access quality publications worldwide. We provide free access for quality research publications to international audience without any financial, legal or technical barriers.

SAMANM Group of Research Publications focuses on submission of pure and original scientific research work of every type in the area of Social Sciences and Humanities. Submitted work must be first hand that should neither be already published nor is under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Authors and researchers are requested to submit quality work in form of Research papers, Academic articles, Research notes, Review papers, Scholarly papers, Term papers, Research notes, Commentaries, Scientific writing, and Thesis or dissertation.


Our Vision

images-2-300x93.jpg SAMANM Group of Research Publications intends to be a top tier scholarly and academic research society.

Our Mission

To contribute globally towards research development and progression of scientific discoveries and to provide free access to online publications around the globe that is the dream of every educationist.

Editorial Team

Dr. Abdul Majid Makki

Associate Professor Department of Commerce, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Ms. Anam Siddiqui

M.Phil (Human Resource Management), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Ms. Sumaira Aslam

M.Phil (Finance), Masters (Economics), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Mr. Ammad Asif

Assistant Director, WAPDA, Senior Engineer affiliated with UET, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mr. Jamal Asif, ACA.

C.A., Manager Audit, Assurance and Advisory, Associate Member of Institute of Chartered Accountant of Pakistan (ICAP), Pakistan.

Mr. Umar Wali

Zonal Customer Care Manager, HR Specialist, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mr. Muhammad Amir Sultan

Independent Researcher & Sales Support Executive ZIL Limited, Pakistan

Dr. Maggie Foley

Assistant Professor of Finance, Jacksonville University, USA.

Ms. Madiha Latif

M.Phil (Finance), Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan.

Ms. Aisha Akram

M.Phil (Finance), Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan.

Ms. Madeeha Jabeen

M.Phil (Human Resource Management), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Ms. Fehmida Malik

M.Phil (Finance), Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan.

Ms. Jumana Maryum

M.Phil (Human Resource Management), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Ms. Mehwish Malik

M.Phil (Finance), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Muhammad Usman

Lecturer, Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Sahiwal, Pakistan.

Dr. Lung-Tan Lu

Associate Professor, Department of Management, Fo Guang University, Taiwan.

Dr. Ali Dehghan, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Department of Business & Economics, Wesleyan College.

Dr. Ionica Oncioiu

Associate Professor PhD, Christian University Dimitrie Cantemir Bucharest, Faculty of Management Touristic and Commercial, Constanta, Romania.

Dr Mohamed El Hedi Arouri

Professor of Finance at Université d’Auvergne, Researcher at CRCGM and Associate Researcher at EDHEC Business School.

Dr. Sarra Ben Slimane

Economist, Post doctoral in Erasmus and Averroes program: DEFI University of Mediterranean, Aix Marseille II, Ph.D. in Economics, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Tunisian.

Dr. Mohd Zulkifli Muhammad

Lecturer, Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia.

Dr. Iftikhar Hussain

Assistant Professor & Chairman, Department of Commerce, University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Kotli AJK, Pakistan.

Dr. Zafar Ahmad Sultan

Assistant professor, Department of Management, College of Business Administration, Al-Kharj, Salman Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Khaled Mokni

Assistant professor, Higher Institute of informatics and Management of Kairouan, Tunisia.

Dr. Mohamed Abbas Mohamed Ibrahim

Assistant Professor of Economics in Faculty of Business Administration, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Cosimo Magazzino

Professor for the SSD SECS-P/02 at the Faculty of Political Sciences, Roma Tre University, Italy.

Dr. Amaresh Das

Visiting Professor, College of Business, Southern University at New Orleans, USA.

Dr. Allam Mohammed Mousa Hamdan

Assistant Professor of Accounting, Ahlia University, Bahrain.

Dr. José G. Vargas-Hernández

Member of the National System of Researchers of Mexico, Mexico.

Dr. Justice Gameli Djokoto

Senior Lecturer, Central Business School, Central University College; Accra, Ghana.

Dr. Tajul Ariffin Masron

Senior lecturer, USM, Malaysia.

Dr. Sutan Emir Hidayat

Assistant Professor and academic advisor for Islamic finance at University College of Bahrain (UCB), Bahrain.

Dr. Yueting Hu

Vice-director in the headquarter of CNPC HSE Department and visiting lecturer in several institutes, China.

Dr. Yu-Te Tu

Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Chungyu Institute of Technology, Taiwan.

Dr. Anson Wong

Teaching Fellow, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

Dr. Babajide Abiola Ayopo

Senior Lecture, Department of Banking & Finance, College of Development Studies, Covenant University, Nigeria.

Dr. Abdullah Bin Saleh Al-Khulaifi

The fourth President of Qatar University, Qatar.

Dr. Melike E Bildirici

Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics, Yıldız Technical University, Yıldız/ Istanbul, Turkey.

Dr. Nkasiobi Silas Oguzor

PhD (Agriculture) Provost, Federal College of Education (Technical),Omoku- Nigeria.

Dr. Jacinta A. Opara

PhD (Environmental Studies) Associate Professor, Universidad Azteca,Chalco- Mexico.

Dr. Austin N. Nosike

PhD (Management), Senior Research Fellow and Director, Globalization and Development Program, The Granada Management Institute, Granada-Spain.

Dr.Grace Fayombo

PhD (Psychology) University of West Indies at Babardos, West Indies.

Dr. Shobana Nelasco

Associate Professor and Post Doctoral Faculty Fellow of ICSSR, Dept. of Economics, Bharathidasan University, Khajamalai Campus, Trichirappalli-620023

Dr. Samir Alredaisy

PhD(Geography)University of Khartourn, Sudan.

Dr. Adaku Ngozi Achilike

PhD (Business Education) Former Deputy, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic,Unwana-Afikpo, Nigeria.

Dr.Tariq Ahmad Lone

Ph.D., (Biotch), Assistant Professor, Department Of Microbiology, Sree Amman Arts & Science College, Chittode- Erode-638102, Tamil Nadu India.


Assistant Professor (Finance) at Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM), Bangalore, Symbiosis International University (SIU), India.

Dr. Prohlad Roy

Assistant Professor, deptt. of education, visva-bharati university, India.

Dr. Mahfuz Ahmad Judeh

Dean, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Applied Science University (ASU), Jordan.

Prof. Dr. P. Malyadri

M.Com, Ph.D, PGDCA, Principal, Government Degree College, Osmania University, Patancheru, Hyderabad – 502 319, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Dr. V. Vijay Durga Prasad

M.B.A., Ph.D., Professor and Head, Department of Management Studies, PSCMR College of Engineering and Technology, Vijayawada – 520 001, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Dr. Ionel Bostan-DHC

PhD Professor, Doctor in Economics and Doctor in Law, Al. I. Cuza University / Economics Faculty, Iasi- Romania.

Professor Dr. Nawab Ali Khan

Department of Human Resource Management, College of Business Administration. Salman Bin Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr.V.Mahalakshmi M.L,Mba,Ph.D

Dean, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai, India

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera

Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsh University, Purulia, West Bengal, India

Dr. Gouher Ahmed Associate Professor, College of Business Studies, Al Ghurair University, Dubai, UAE

Dr. N Maruti Rao Associate Professor, PG Dept. of Business Administration, Rani Channamma University, India

Dr. Sanjay Rode

Ph.D in economics, Assistant professor, Mumbai University, India

Dr. Hsu-Feng Hung

Ph.D. of Business Administration, Assistant Professor, Department of Hospitality, MingDao University, Republic of China (R.O.C.)

DR. Rose Mugweni

PhD in Education Policy Studies, M. Ed. (ECE), B. Ed. (ECE), CE, Deputy Dean – Faculty of Education, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe.

Dr. Zoltán BUJDOSÓ College Professor, Head of Institution, Károly Róbert University College Instituion for Tourism, Regional Development and Foreign Language, Hungary.


ANIL BARIK Faculty of Management Studies, SOA University,Bhubaneswar,India

Dr. Abhishek Gupta Administrative-cum-Accounts Officer, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India

Dr. Doman GNOUFOUGOU PhD and Assistant professor at Kara University, TOGO, China

Daniel Agyapong

Lecturer and Principal Research Assistant, School of Business, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Noriza Mohd Saad

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Tenaga National, Faculty of Finance & Economics, Sultan Hj Ahmad Shah Campus, 26700,Muadzam Shah, Pahang, Malaysia.

Suhana Mohamed

PhD Scholar & Lecturer of Finance, Universiti Teknologi MARA Kampus Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Tapas Pal

PhD Scholar, Department of Geography, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal, India.

Md. Lutfur Rahman

Ph D student and Assistant Professor, Dept. of Business Administration, East West University, Australia.

Ying Chen

PhD Candidate, Lecturer and Senior Lecturer, Sydney institute of language and commerce, Shanghai University Bilingually taught accounting, Financial management. Part-time lecturer of UFIDA ERP software. Manager of laboratory on bookkeeping and ERP, China.

Salman Khalid

MS (Management), visiting lecturer in different institutions of Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Dr. Vandana Srivastava

Professor (IT), IILM Institute for Higher Education, New Delhi, India.

Dr. M. Senthilkumar

Senior Scientist (Microbiology), Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Government of India, India.

Dr. Silviu Beciu Assoc. Prof. Ph.D. Beciu Silviu, ViceDean of the Faculty of Management - USAMV Bucharest, Romania

Ionela Mituko Vlad

PhD Lecturer, Faculty of Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania.


International SAMANM Journal of Business and Social Sciences (ISJBSS)

Online ISSN 2308-2372
Print ISSN 2309-3420
International SAMANM Journal of Business and Social Sciences is a peer reviewed, open access, annually published journal that publishes quality research work both basic and theoretical. The journal aims at creating, building, and disseminating valuable knowledge and scholarly information on the topics of social sciences that is further focused to pursue social international welfare. Its subjects ranging from general level to specific level of topics related to social sciences as stated under.

ISJBSS is an open assess journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the academic user. Users are allowed to read, download, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.

International SAMANM Journal of Finance and Accounting (ISJFA)

Online ISSN 2308-2356
Print ISSN 2309-3439
International SAMANM Journal of Finance and Accounting is a peer reviewed, open access, annually published journal that publishes quality research work both basic and theoretical. This journals aims to promote research in the areas of finance, accounting and business and to elicit debate and eminent discussion on the wider and specific topics that comes under head of business finance that are stated under.

ISJFA is an open assess journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the academic user. Users are allowed to read, download, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.

International SAMANM Journal of Marketing and Management (ISJMM)

Online ISSN 2308-2399
Print ISSN 2309-3412
International SAMANM Journal of Marketing and Management is a peer reviewed, open access, annually published journal that publishes quality research work both applied and basic. The aim of this journal is to stretch researchers and scholars intuiting and thinking over areas of marketing, management and human resource management and to share their in-depth knowledge under this magnificent platform. All type of research and scholarly work is welcomed from all over the world so to create a gigantic hub mitigating eminent educationist, theorist, teachers, scholars, researchers, academicians, students and learners to openly share their learned ideas and views.

ISJMM is an open assess journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the academic user. Users are allowed to read, download, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.

Guidelines for Authors

Publication Process

SAMANM Group of Research Publications follows a transparent and systematic procedure of publication.

Authors can submit their research work through email on this contact or Editors will respond to author email and will acknowledge the receipt of email within 72 hours. The paper will then send for review process to the prestigious editorial members and at least 2 reviewers will rigorously review the paper and will take almost a month in review process. Review email will be send to authors within a month of receiving paper along with the copy of review report from two known reviewers, copy of reviewed paper and copy of plagiarism report (optional). Authors will be requested to make recommended changes (if any) in the reviewed paper and send it back to the editors within 4 day span. Finally the paper will be send for final acceptance and if the paper get accepted then acceptance letter will be send to the authors. Authors are then requested to make payment of only USD150$ which includes all charges as online publication, print publication, shipment charges and other processing charges. As soon as the payment will be made successfully and payment receipt will be send to the editor, author will be requested to send the final consent for publication of their paper. Online publication of paper will appear only within 2 weeks period. Printed copies will be send to authors after the completion of issue and will be send on corresponding authors mailing address on semiannual basis.

Important Note Please note that submitted manuscript must be purely first hand as it must neither be published already nor it must be under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Research Layout

Authors are requested to follow following layout for their manuscript;

Cover letter Author(s) must submit cover letter in MS word format comprising of;

Paper title, Author(s) list including names (main author followed by co-author(s) if any), designations, affiliations, concerned departments, universities and country names, along with email address, Corresponding author’s contact information, Keywords. Figures/tables/charts Author(s) must send JPG or PDF format of well adjusted charts, figures or tables.

Paper sequence Manuscript must contain the following;

Abstract Abstract in paragraph form comprising of 200 to 250 words must clearly state purpose of research, design/methodology, findings, practical implications, contribution/originality of work, keyword and paper type.

Note: Do not give headings within the abstract.

Keywords About 4 to 6 keywords are recommended in the manuscript.

Introduction This portion must clearly state background of study, significance and uniqueness of work, scope of study, the broader problem area or research question under study and conclusion.

Literature review This portion must include references of various previous studies that must meet quality standard and that must not be quoted similarly to avoid copying of eminent material. Avoid copy-pasting already published material as society follows strict plagiarism policy.

Methodology This portion must include the type of research that has been conducted whether qualitative or quantitative.

Findings / discussion This portion must include the original findings of the work with clearly stating results and comprehensively discussing these results in light of previous researches.

Recommendations and Suggestions This portion includes and suggestions or recommendations that author(s) can provide to support their work generality and application. As this is not mandatory portion author(s) can exclude this part if not consider it as necessary.

Conclusion This portion includes stating the utility of study and its consistency with previous studies.

References Author(s) must follow the APA style of referencing.

Paper Format

Paper format is as follows;

As per the policy of our Journal only 15 to 18 percent plagiarism is acceptable, more similarity content will lead your paper to rejection.

Publication Fee

Online publication fee is only USD 55$. Online plus printed publication charges per accepted paper equals only $150 USD. This fee includes all charges as processing fee, printing charges,shipment charges.Please note there is no submission fee for this journal. Moreover online version of published paper is easily downloadable and accessible for everyone. No charges are to be paid to access paper online.

Special Announcement for All Authors

SAMANM Group of Research Publications undergoes tight and rigorous peer review process after publication of every issue, journal’s editor in chief and other board members will select the best paper out of all published papers. Author of best paper will be granted a best paper awarding certificate plus the best paper title for every issue of concerned journal will be shown on the home page of the society.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Authors are requested to send payments only after they receive acceptance letters for submitted manuscripts. Authors are strictly prohibited to send any advance payments before receiving acceptance letters. SAMANM Group of Research Publications will not be liable for such advance payments and will not accept any advance payments.

Please note:

Dear authors it is humbly requested to you that SGRP is an open platform for all authors related to any region or country of world. We strongly recommend concerned authors of papers or manuscripts to make submissions on their own without involving any intermediate or agent or middleman. Our website is only responsible for the services that are mentioned on our website only. It is highly mandatory for corresponding authors that they must be writer of submitted papers and have written consent of all authors to send paper and publish accepted manuscripts in SGRP. SGRP will only oblige such papers whose correspondence will be done by authors not any middleman, agent or intermediary person, organization, or conference.